Monday, June 28, 2010

Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Pharmacology, Nursing Research and Nutrition

1.    Chemotherapeutic agents often produce a certain degree of myelosuppression including leukopenia. Leukopenia does not present immediately but is delayed several days to weeks because:

2.    Chemotherapy induces vomiting by:

3.    Anticipatory nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy occurs:

4.    The patient with hepatic encephalopathy is treated with:

5.    A patient with pyelonephritis complains of urgency and burning on urination, fever, chills, and flank pain. The test that can confirm this diagnosis is:

6.    Which of the following types of drugs might be given to control increased intracranial pressure (ICP)?

7.    Gilda Hizon complains that her headaches are occurring more frequently despite taking medications. Patients with a history of headache should be taught to avoid:

8.    Aggressive chest physiotherapy is instituted but isn’t successful in removing Mrs. Keith’s secretions. Which type of drug would the nurse expect the doctor to prescribe following physiotherapy?

9.    Jane Lopez, age 43, has a persistent cough from a cold. His doctor prescribes guaifenisin every 4 hours. How soon after taking the first dose of guaifenesin should Mrs. Lopez experience relief from coughing?

10.    Mr. Perk’s wife is concerned about his poor appetite and weight loss. The nurse explains to her that radiation treatment, anxiety, and the disease itself can cause anorexia in cancer patients. The nurse should encourage Mr. Perk to:

11.    Jayson Fernandez, a 70 years old smoker with advanced coronary artery disease, is scheduled for surgical revascularization of the coronary arteries to bypass plaque obstructions. Which of  Jayson’s medications should be stopped before surgery?

12.    Faith Dela Rosa, 22 years old has a history of ulcerative colitis. Although her condition had been stable for the past year, she now presents to the hospital with an acute exacerbation of the disease. When planning dietary teaching for Ms. Dela Rosa, the nurse should recommend that she consume:

13.    Peter Del Carmen is admitted to the hospital in vaso-occlusive sickle cell crisis. He complains of chest pain, shortness of breath, severe myalgia and arthralgia. During vaso-occlusive crisis, the nurse should encourage Mr. Del Carmen to:

14.    Mr. Paras has severe granulocytopenia. The nurse should teach  him to:

15.    Drake is a member of the Nursing Research Council of the hospital. His first assignment is to determine the level of patient satisfaction on the care they received from the hospital. He plans to include all adult patients admitted from January to February, with average length of stay of 4-5 days, first admission, and with no complications. Which of the following is an extraneous variable of the study?

16.    Drake thinks of an appropriate theoretical framework. Whose theory addresses the four modes of adaptation?

17.    Which of the following articles would Drake least considers for his review of literature?

18.    He plans to use a Likert Scale to determine:

19.    He opts to use a self-report method. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about this method?

20.    Which of the following variables will he likely EXCLUDE in his study?

21.    He checks if his instruments meet the criteria for evaluation. Which of the following criteria refers to the consistency or the ability to yield the same response upon its repeated administration?

22.    He plans for his sampling method. Which sampling method gives equal chance to all units in the population to get picked?

23.    Which of the following terms refer to the degree to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to be measure?

24.    Kiko is interested to learn more about transcultural nursing because he is assigned at the family suites where most patients come from different cultures and countries. Which of the following designs is appropriate for this study?

25.    The nursing theorist who developed transcultural nursing theory is:

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